This Recipe uses:
- Chicken stock
- crème fraiche (heavy cream)
- Pinch of salt and pepper
One of the most classic French sauces is a velouté, which is simply a thickened stock, typically made with chicken or veal stock. Velouté is the French version of something you may know as “white sauce” or “cream sauce.” It’s an incredibly versatile sauce that is also very quick and easy to make at home.
A good vélouté sauce recipe is the perfect example of how chicken stock and flour can be used as a savory foundation for a warm meal. Pronounced “veh-loo-tay”, it can be used to enliven a variety of dishes, including white meats and vegetables. The chicken blanquette is a version of a velouté sauce.
Now, there can be a bit of confusion because in France, velouté is also used to refer to a blended soup. The Velouté soup is a finely pureed creamy soup, usually made with vegetables. The Velouté sauce on the other hand, does include some chicken stock, but also includes butter and flour. So let’s get to the velouté sauce recipe, shall we? Allons-y!
Mother and Daughter sauces
In 1833, French chef Antonin Carême, one of the most important French chefs and cookbook authors of the 19th century, published a classification of French sauces in his reference cookbook L’art de la cuisine française au XIXe siècle (“The Art of French Cuisine in the 19th Century”).
In it, the velouté sauce with butter, flour, and chicken stock was considered one of the 5 mother sauces. In addition, the sauce is a base for several daughter sauces such as:
- Allemande: chicken or veal velouté with lemon juice, egg yolk, and cream.
- Poulette: chicken velouté with heavy cream and mushrooms.
- Hongrais (Hungarian): chicken or veal velouté with onion, paprika, butter, and white wine.
- Vénitienne (Venetian): chicken or fish velouté with tarragon, shallots, and parsley.
- Normande: fish velouté with cream, butter, and egg yolks.
Frequently asked questions
What to serve with Velouté sauce?
Sauce velouté often is served with poultry, like steamed, poached or baked chicken. You can also serve it as a topping with grilled vegetables or mashed potatoes or brown rice.
What drinks to serve with it?
A dry white wine from Burgundy or the Loire will be lovely when served with chicken and velouté sauce.
Can you freeze it?
Yes, you can easily freeze velouté sauce, just let the mixture cool before freezing it. Freeze it in small quantities, so that you are not freezing and refreezing the quantities unused.
- 50g Butter
- 1/3 cup of flour
- 4 cups of chicken stock (low sodium)
- 1 tablespoon of crème fraiche (heavy cream)
- Pinch of salt and pepper
- Melt the butter in a saucepan at low heat. (Don't let the butter burn or turn brown.)
- Take the pan off the heat and add the flour.
- Mix well with a whisk.
- Put the saucepan back on the stove at low temperature, and add the chicken stock and heavy cream while mixing.
- Season to your liking with salt and pepper.
- Whisk until the velouté is smooth and creamy.
- Serve while warm or room temperature.
For a creamier version (sauce sûpreme), add a couple more tablespoons of crème fraiche which is heavy cream and a pinch of freshly grated nutmeg.
Nutrition Information:Yield: 4 Serving Size: 1
Amount Per Serving: Calories: 230Total Fat: 15gSaturated Fat: 8gTrans Fat: 0gUnsaturated Fat: 5gCholesterol: 39mgSodium: 449mgCarbohydrates: 17gFiber: 0gSugar: 4gProtein: 7g
Note: We are not certified nutritionists and these estimates are approximate. Each individual’s dietary needs and restrictions are unique to the individual. You are ultimately responsible for all decisions pertaining to your health. This website is written and produced for informational purposes only.
If you enjoyed that, check out our other classic French recipes that are easy to prepare. Bon appétit and à bientôt !
Did you enjoy that article? Save it for later!
Check out our Substack and subscribe to get the latest posts. Find out what’s happening in Paris and across France, straight to your inbox. À bientôt!