Croque Monsieur Recipe: The Ultimate Easy Sandwich

For the ultimate comfort food, check out our favorite French sandwich croque monsieur recipe that is easy to make and delicious! With tips on how to serve it, drink accompaniments and much more.
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This Recipe includes

Bread Bread slices
cheese Cheese slices (gruyere or emmental)
cheese Grated cheese
ham Slices of ham, turkey, or chicken
butter Butter
Milk Milk
paprika (Optional) Paprika, chives or nutmeg
salt and pepper Salt and pepper

Why we love it

If you are looking for classic French food, you have to munch or croque into a Croque Monsieur! Basically a glorified ham and cheese sandwich, perfectly unhealthy and laden with cheese. A French national treasure.

Forewarned, if you are following a French Croque Monsieur Recipe, don’t try to hold back on the butter and the cheese. It is a tradition in France, and we don’t want to ignore tradition! (I will include instructions for how to make a lighter Croque Mademoiselle, if you wish 😉 )

Monsieur vs. Madame vs. Mademoiselle

Croque, which translates in English as “to bite”, is pronounced as “crok”. The “Monsieur” means “Mister”, referring to a lunchtime meal that the man of the house would have at work. It was first seen on a restaurant menu of a Parisian café in 1910, becoming popular very quickly afterward.

French word: Croque or Croquer

English translation: to bite

The Croque Madame became popular in the 1960s with the women’s movement. The Croque Madame recipe is the same, except the sandwich is topped off with a fried egg.

There is a rarer “light” version called Croque Mademoiselle, where the cheese and butter are substituted for cream cheese, and the ham is replaced with a slice of lighter meat such as chicken or turkey. I confess though I have never seen it on a restaurant menu!

And have I mentioned, that all these sandwiches are absolutely delicious? Today, it is still generally a lunchtime meal, paired with a simple salad to make all the cheese seem a bit healthier. You usually find them on the menu at traditional brasseries and cafés, rather than Michelin starred fine dining (but that doesn’t mean you have to turn your nose up at it!)

If you don’t have a French restaurant nearby, no fear, it is simple enough that you can make it at home.

☞ READ MORE: Jambon Beurre: The Classic French Sandwich

Other Variations

There are other Croque Monsieur variations as well, as French chefs become more creative.

Other Croque SandwichesRecipe Ingredients
Croque Provençal With tomatoes added. (Region of Provence)
Croque AuvergnatWith the regional blue cheese Bleu d’Auvergne. (Region ‎Auvergne-Rhône-Alpes)
Croque NormandWith potatoes and camambert cheese added. (Region Normandy)
Croque BourguignonWith mustard from Dijon. (Dijon is the capital of the Region Bourgogne)
Croque GalloisAdd in beer, a touch of mustard, cayanne pepper and Worcestershire sauce. It is quite similar to the Welsh rarebit, and the name is sometimes used interchangeably. (Gallois is French for the home country of Wales).
Croque NorvégienWith smoked salmon. (For Norway).
Croque TartifletteWith potatoes added
Croque HawaïenWith a slice of pineapple added (For Hawaii.)
Croque SucréA dessert where all the ham, butter and cheese is replaced by a sliced banana and chocolate sauce or powder.

How do you eat a Croque Monsieur?

Now, although the Croque Monsieur is a sandwich, it is messy to eat. No fear though, you can do as the French do and eat it with a knife and fork.

What do you serve with it?

Since the Croque Monsieur is usually served at lunchtime as a lighter meal, it is usually served by itself, or with a small salad.

Other heartier options would be with a vegetable soup like minestrone or french fries.


What drinks to serve with it?

You might think the Croque Monsieur is the perfect sandwich to pair with a beer, but alas in France, we tend to stick to wines during a meal. (Yes, even at lunchtime.)

A light rosé or chilled white goes quite well with a Croque Monsieur, such as a Rosé-de-loire or a Cabernet-de-Saumur from the Loire Valley.

croque monsieur

Croque Monsieur Recipe

Nassie Angadi
The Croque Monsieur recipe, a French dish that is meant for lunch or as a quick snack. The name "croque" means to bite.
4.80 from 5 votes
Prep Time 5 minutes
Cook Time 10 minutes
Total Time 15 minutes
Course Main dishes
Cuisine French
Servings 1
Calories 830 kcal


  • 2 bread slices
  • 2 tablespoons of butter
  • 2 cheese slices
  • 1/2 cup of grated cheese eg. gruyère or emmental
  • Slice of ham (use sliced chicken or turkey if you don't eat pork)
  • 3 tablespoons of milk
  • Pinch of salt and pepper
  • Pinch of paprika, chives or nutmeg (optional, select one for extra flavor)


  • Take 2 bread slices and liberally butter one side of each.
  • Place the cheese slices on each piece of bread, on the buttered side.
  • Add a piece of ham on top of the cheese.
  • Close the sandwich.
  • In a bowl, mix grated cheddar (or gruyère) with milk, salt, and pepper.  
  • Add paprika, chives, or nutmeg for extra flavor to the mixture.
  • Apply the mixture to the top of the sandwich.
  • Bake in the pan for 10 minutes.


For a lighter Croque Mademoiselle Recipe:
Follow the same Croque Monsieur Recipe as above, but substitute the cheese and butter for cream cheese and the ham for a slice of lighter meat such as chicken or turkey.
Serve warm with salad.


    Serving: 1gCalories: 830kcalCarbohydrates: 47gProtein: 59gFat: 45gSaturated Fat: 23gPolyunsaturated Fat: 16gTrans Fat: 1gCholesterol: 198mgSodium: 2425mgFiber: 2gSugar: 18g

    Please note: We are not certified nutritionists and these estimates are approximate. Each individual’s dietary needs and restrictions are unique to the individual.

    You are ultimately responsible for all decisions pertaining to your health. This website is written and produced for entertainment purposes only.

    Keyword bread, cheese, french food, main dish, sandwich
    Tried this recipe?Let us know how it was!

    And it’s that simple.  If you enjoyed that recipe, you may like to get the recipes for more classic French comfort food. A bientôt and bon appétit!

    This Post Has 2 Comments

    1. Christine

      Croque Madame every time! Love cutting into the warm yolk and having run all over the sandwich!

    2. Stuart

      Terrible misleading recipe for the Croque Madame. A bechamel must be created. Mixing milk etc in a bowl will produce an absolute child’s mess. Cannot imagine somebody trying such a thing.

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