12 Types of French coffee explained

Ordering coffee in France can lead to some rather unwelcome surprises. Find out how to avoid a tiny shot of coffee, and the French terminology to use instead.
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French waiters have a reputation for being rude, and one of those rites of passage of any visitor is ordering a cup of coffee in French, in Paris. Unless it is a venti at Starbucks, you are bound to be disappointed when ordering a café in France.

And that is because the “café” will not the beverage you were expecting. For one thing, it will be tiny, about the size of an espresso. In addition, it will likely arrive without any milk or sugar.

So to order coffee in France and get exactly what you want, it is important to know a bit of terminology.

French PhraseEnglish Translation
Un café s’il vous plaît,One coffee please,
avec lait et sucre.with milk and sugar.

This will get you a rather small cup of coffee however, so for the different types of coffee, you have several different options you can choose from. Buckle up your seatbelts, and allons-y!

☞ READ MORE: Top French travel phrases for every occasion

Ordering Black Coffee

1) Café

café (coffee in french)

A regular café will be the size of an espresso, and is the typical coffee that most people order. In French offices, employees usually take a coffee break around 10am and 3pm with a café, France’s version of the watercooler. It is usually served without milk or sugar added.

It is believed that the Sultan of the Ottoman Empire (today Turkey), Muhammed IV sent his ambassador to the court of the Sun King Louis XIV with a sample of coffee. The luxury and elegance of a dainty small cup of a French café made it all the more sought after.

Note: this expresso-sized coffee is usually drunk during coffee breaks. For breakfast, on the other hand, coffee and tea is drunk from a bowl (yes really)!

In addition, the tradition is to have a small café after dinner, as a sort of pick-me-up after a heavy meal.

2) Café allongé

Café allongé

A more normal-sized coffee cup, the Café allongé (meaning “coffee elongated”). It is still not the giant cup of coffee that North Americans will expect, but it is not tiny either.

The Café allongé is basically drip-style coffee with water added. Since more hot water flows through the grinds, it is a bit weaker but is larger than an espresso.

The café allongé is also served without milk or sugar unless of course, you ask for it.

3) Café Américan

Café Américan

Café américan is the coffee that most North Americans will be expecting. With a double dose of espresso coffee and more water, a café américan should be as strong as a normal coffee, and the same size as a café allongé.

4) Café déca

Café déca

This is the decaffeinated version of the espresso. Now I have never tried to combine a café déca with another type of coffee, (eg. café américan déca), but I presume it is possible. French waiters don’t really appreciate off-menu creativity when it comes to ordering food, so this really will depend on your charm skills.

5) Café serré

Café serré

At the other end of the spectrum, if you are looking for a pure shot of coffee, you should order a café serré.

It is about 1/2 the water in a full shot of espresso and is sure to leave you with a caffeine buzz. Don’t be surprised by how tiny it is though!

Coffee with Milk

1) Café crème

Café crème

This is the French version of Café au lait (coffee with milk), which is French but no French person calls it Café au Lait. Even the Wikipedia page of Café au lait doesn’t have a French translation.

Instead, it is called café crème which, to make it even more confusing, is not coffee with cream, but coffee with milk added. The base is an espresso in a larger cup to make room for the added milk.

This is also the coffee is usually drunk from a bowl for breakfast in France. I kid you not. The reason is so that you can dip your croissant or your baguette into it. Again, this is only for breakfast, don’t try to do this at a brasserie during your afternoon gôuter or after dinner.

2) Adding Milk and Sugar to other Coffees

Coffee in France is usually served without milk or sugar, unless you specifically ask for it:

…avec lait et sucre, s’il vous plaît.

French-English translation: With milk and sugar, please.

Note, if you want soy milk, skim milk, or a sugar alternative like Splenda, you should probably make your way to Starbucks. Most French restaurants and brasseries will only have regular milk and sugar.

Fancy Coffees

1) Café noisette

Café noisette

This is the French version of the Macchiato, a dash of foam on top of an expresso-sized coffee. (You may have noticed a trend here with the small cup sizes, it is because French people don’t drink giant cups of coffee!)

2) Café gourmand

Café gourmand

The café gourmand is in effect “gourmand”. It is usually an espresso sized coffee along with the chef’s choice of 3 small desserts. In this case, I’ve added two macarons and a calisson d’Aix.

The default coffee is the regular café, but if you want a café allongé for example, you can ask for the change.

3) Café liégeois 

Café liégeois

Café liégeois is another dessert but doesn’t actually have much coffee. It usually includes ice cream and whipped chantilly cream, so not the type of thing to order for breakfast. (Unless that is how you roll, not judging!)

4) Café glacé 

Café glacé

If you want an iced coffee, it is café glacé that you are looking for on the menu. These may not be available at a regular brasserie since this type of drink is not the norm in France.

If you don’t see it on the menu though, I would suggest not trying your luck, and instead, order something else. You will literally get a bitter coffee on ice, without any cream, etc.

5) Other types of coffee

However, if it is a well-known type of coffee such as a cappuccino, café latte, or even an Irish coffee, you shouldn’t hesitate to ask, even if you don’t see it on the menu. These are quite common across France, especially in Paris, so as long as you see the large machine à café (coffee machine), the wait staff should be able to whip it up for you.

Other tips for ordering hot beverages in France

i) Other Hot Drinks

If you don’t care for coffee and would like to order something else, you may be looking for

  • un thé – black tea
  • un thé vert – green tea
  • une tisaneune infusion – herbal tea
  • un chocolat – hot chocolate

If you have a chance, do try a hot chocolate in France, because it is made from real creamy cacao which is very smooth and velvety. No chemicals added here!

ii) No takeaway

When you order a coffee at a restaurant, it is going to come in a glass teacup. Not exactly the type of thing you can takeaway. Be prepared to drink it sur place (in place) and not à emporter (takeaway).

iii) Different prices depending on where you sit

And speaking of drinking your coffee “sur place“, another point to note is that the price of the coffee is different depending on where you sit. There may be one price for sitting on the terrace, another price for sitting outside, and a much cheaper price for leaning up against the bar.

This is not usually written on the menu, and if you are standing against the bar, you won’t even get a menu. The price difference isn’t that large, maybe €1-2 so just keep it in mind as you order.

Café gourmand with crème brulée, panna cotta and moulleau au chocolat
Café gourmand with crème brulée, panna cotta and moulleau au chocolat

iv) Coffee After dessert

In France, coffee is usually served after the dessert (unless it is a café gourmand) at the end of dinner, not at the same time. The waiter will bring you your coffee after he removes your dessert plate.

If you do want it at the same time as the dessert, you will have to specify this to the waiter.

v) No need to tip

If you want to leave an extra euro or so you can, but tip and taxes is usually included in the price. The waiter will not be expecting you to leave a fiver for a €2 coffee.


☞ READ MORE: ABC of French Cuisine (the Food Dictionary)

So do you feel confident enough to order a cuppa? What is the worst that could happen, right?

If you enjoyed that article, you may want to read more facts about French food. From brown eggs to wine at lunchtime, you may be left scratching your head. A bientôt!

coffee in French pin for pinterest

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