France is renowned for its gastronomy. But nearly as important, is how French people eat a typical meal. Having lived in France for the past 10 years, I will note that a traditional French dinner, even if it is at the end of a busy day, will usually pull out all the stops.
Yes, that includes even a simple dinner among family and friends. And if you are hosting a dinner party in France, holds on to your party hats and wear a comfortable pair of pants!
The French tradition of sitting down for dinner dates back to the days when monarchy and nobility ruled the country. Imagine the scene: Marie-Antoinette in the beautiful Palais of Versailles. (Pre- Head being chopped off of course). She is inviting you into a beautifully lit room, chandeliers glittering, the best
Funny enough, this is how we have dinner today in North America. An array of dishes spread out on the table, where everybody helps themselves. Marie-Antoinette didn’t invent it, but in a way, she did change the way French people dine. A typical French dinner today is a bit more complicated.
Even after the revolution, people remained scared. Putting on such a display implied wealth, and wealth was likely to get your head chopped off. So meals in France began to
Each dish is brought out consecutively and eaten before the next plate is brought out. You may be eating in a Michelin starred restaurant, or in a typical French household, but it is generally still done the same way. A traditional French meal at home with family and friends, with Service à la Russe will look something like this:
1. Entrée (Starter)
Other great starters that are easy to make at home are:
- Coquilles saint jacques – scallops in pesto sauce or gratin
- Foie gras on toast – duck delicacy on toast
- Salmon tartare – smoked salmon
- Socca – chickpea flour bread
- Baked camembert – melted cheese with bread
- Cake salé – savory cake with various ingredients
- Dubonnet – sweet fortified wine
- Suze – citric and herbal liquor
- Pineau des Charentes – fortified wine made from grape and cognac
- Lillet – made from wine and fruit liquor
- La Pomme Givrée – crisp acidic apple flavor
The wine comes later. Even Sunday family meals will start off with an entrée (appetizer), it is not just reserved for dinner parties.
2. Salad or another light starter
Sometimes there is more than one starter, just depending on the size of the dish being presented and the cooking skills of the chef!
If a salad is served, it is usually just a few greens topped off with a basic vinaigrette. Larger salads like the salad niçoise is usually considered a main meal, not a starter.
At times, depending on the host, a small salad could be served after the main dish instead of before.
3. Plat principal (Main dish)
For the main dish, usually a combination of meat or fish will be presented, along with some vegetables and classic French pantry staples. Heavier meals like roast beef, lamb roast, boeuf bourguignon stew or a coq au vin are served in winter.
- Bouillabaisse – seafood and fish stew
- Ratatouille – zucchini and eggplant dish
- Bohemian Aubergines – eggplants cooked with tomatoes
- Rogail Saucisse – sausage and rice dish
- Chicken Blanquette – creamy chicken dish
- Fondue – melted cheese with bread
- Raclette – melted cheese eaten with ham and potatoes
- Chicken Provençale – chicken, potatoes and red peppers cooked together with provençale spices
- Cassoulet – sausages, meat, and beans slow cooked together
- Gratin Dauphinois – potatoes covered with cheese
- Tartiflette – similar to gratin dauphinois with reblochon cheese
You can find more French main dish plat ideas here.
Since France is a wine producing country, wine is usually served with the meal. No beer, pop, or other sodas please.
If it is a dinner party with sufficient numbers of guests, there will be a different bottle of wine with each course.
As the French saying goes: “Repas sans vin, repas chagrin“, meaning “Dinner without wine is a sad dinner.” Most people stick to French wines since there is such a wide variety. Of course meat dishes will tend to be serve with red wine, while seafood and lighter dishes are served with white or rosé.
5. Fromage (Cheese)
After the main portion of the meal, comes the cheeses. Yes, it is after the meal, not as a starter.
Depending on the number of people 3-5 different cheeses will be brought out in a cheese plate and served with baguette. If you are still hungry or did not care for the main meal, this is your chance to fill up.
Now, if you are just having a small family dinner, dessert is usually skipped, if you have had cheese as well.
At the other end of the scale is the café gourmand, which is indeed gourmand with 3 different desserts served with a coffee. You can find more French desserts ideas here.
After all that eating, it is time for a digestif. While aperitifs are designed in a way to wake up the palate and leave you wanting more, digestifs are richer with a high alcohol content to soothe and relax and put you in the mood to unwind.
Some liquors have an alcohol content of more than 30%, so a digestif is going to get you ready for bed. A small cognac or calvados might be served in a tumbler. You can read more about French digestifs here.
And finally to top if all off, we need a bit of coffee! It is not the large cup of coffee North Americans are used to having, but rather a small espresso cup.
You could potentially combine the café with the dessert, and have a café gourmand. You can read more about drinking coffee in France here.
You can also serve a tea or infusion instead, of course. More and more artisan tea shops are opening up in France, with a wide assortment of teas now available.
The Pros and Cons of the French Way
I will admit this is not always practical for the person serving the food. There is a lot of going back and forth with dishes, cutlery, and glassware. French homes used to be built with separate kitchens, but homeowners are now starting to embrace the “Cuisine Américane“, perhaps to accommodate all this going back and forth!
To translate literally, Cuisine Américane means “American kitchen”, or rather the open-concept kitchen and living room trend that is all over HGTV and Houzz these days!
While knocking down walls may not be a solution, French meal etiquette does have its benefits. For one thing, the food doesn’t get cold. And you don’t mix the flavors and the impact on the palate that the chef intends. It respects the meal and the effort that the chef has put into it. (“Bravo Maman! Bravo Papa!”)
A Dinner Party in France
The conundrum that this leads to is that, as a guest at a French dinner party, you are never
A French dinner guest may ask for a second helping while the dish is still on the table, but not after the host has taken it away. For example, if the roast beef has left the table, and the next dish is green beans, you don’t get to ask for the roast beef to come back after you’ve finished your beans!
And picky eaters beware, it is also quite rude to ask for changes and substitutes to your meal, unless it is for something serious like allergies. You are to eat what is in front of you!
Finishing the plate
Included in all this is the other quirk of French table manners: you must finish your plate, otherwise,
In some cultures, if you consistently finish your plate, your host will worry that you didn’t get enough, and insist that you have more. I’ve had to rescue my poor French husband on
This may all seem
French people love to discuss and debate
- 24-piece Plate set for 6 – by Villeroy & Boch
- 12-piece red and white wine glass set for 6 – by Libbey
- 38-piece cutlery set for 6 – by Belleek
- 8-piece serving dishes – by Godinger Silver Art Co.
- Champagne flutes for 6 – by House of Hampton
- 23-piece tea set for 6 – by August Grove
If you are interested in learning the French words for each item on the menu, you can download our free flashcards printable below. And if you enjoyed that article, you may want to read more French food facts and find out what’s for dinner at Christmas. A bientôt!